| Etymological Legend
|| Common Turkic
|| Khalkha Mongolian
|| Literary Mongolian
|| Literary Tibetan
|| Northeastern Turkic
- oblast region; Moskva oblazï the region of Moscow.
- očuldur- to translate.
- očuldurukču translator.
- očuldurukčula- to be translator, to work as a translator.
- očuldurt- to let translate.
- očuldurtun- to be translated.
- očulduruš- to translate together.
- očulga translation.
- oda- to bake; to heat, to kindle. [<CT *o:ta-]
- oda- [ohda-] to insult, to offend; to evoke rain by means of magic (using certain herbs). [cf. CT *ota-]
- odaaškïn heating.
- odaaškïn [ohdaaškïn] offence, insult.
- odag hearth; bonfire; hunter’s camp; odag sal- to erect a bonfire. [<CT *otag]
- odalga heating; bustug odalga heating with steam; odalga sezonu heating season.
- odar [ohdar] pasture.
- odar-belčiir pasture.
- odarlat- [ohdarlat-] to pasture, to shepherd.
- oduču sorcerer, sorceress.
- odug awake, waking, not sleeping.
- odun- (ottur) to wake up, to become awake. [<CT *odun-]
- odur- [ohdur-] to cut through, to chop.
- odurt- to go on a mountain slope.
- odurt- [ohdurt-] to let cut through.
- odurug path (in the mountains).
- odurug [ohdurug] line, row, rank; murnuku odurug front-lines.
- odurul- to be cut.
- oduš small birchbark trough.
- ogaan (western dial.) cf. nogaan green.
- oglaa fearful, easily scared.
- oglaŋay shaft of a carriage. [←Rus oglobli]
- oglaŋna- to caress, to fondle; (of dogs) to fawn upon, to wag the tail; to lick up to, to lick somone’s boots.
- oglaŋna- to trot.
- ogu- to belch.
- ogur- to roar, to bellow.
- ok [ohk] arrow; bullet. [<CT *ok]
- okkur swift; okkur aht swift horse.
- okpaŋ-čikpeŋ (~ opaŋ-čipeŋ) smart, bright, sharp, lively.
- okta truly, absolutely, perfectly, at all (only in negations); okta šïn eves it is not true at all.
- okta- to load, to charge; boo okta- to load a gun; xolalarnï okta- to fill the cartridge-cases. [<CT *okta-]
- okta- [ohkta-] to throw, to hurl, to fling, to cast; to beat, to win (at a sporting game); daš okta- to throw stones; to take a crap, to shit; granata okta- to throw a granate; kuduruk okta- to kick the bucket, to die (lit. to fling the tail).
- oktaaškïn throw, throwing, casting.
- oktargay universe, cosmos, world.
- oktyabr October. [←Rus oktjabr’]
- ol that, he, she, it; olar they, those; ooŋ of that, his, her, its; aŋaa (~ aa) to him, her, it; thither; onu that, him, her, it; ïnda at him, her, it; there; oon from him, her, it; thence, thereupon; olče ~ olduva to him, her, it; thither; oom that thing of mine; ooŋ that thing of yours; oozu that thing of him, her, theirs; oovus that thing of ours; ooŋar that thing of yours, you all; ol-dur that means; ol arazïnda among them; ol deerge anyway; ol doraan immediately; ol xeveer thus, in this way; ooŋ-bile kadï together with that; aŋaa ber give it to him; aŋaa užuražïr bis we will meat with him; ooŋ-bile kadï together with that; meŋee seeŋ ooŋ čerle taarïšpas-tïr that stuff of yours does not please me. [<CT *ol]
- ol-bo a certain, this or another, some; several.
- olarnïï theirs, belonging to them.
- olbuk mattress, cushion, rug (to sit on).
- olča use, a find, a catch; gain, profit, success, good luck; aŋčïlarnïŋ olčazï hunter’s catch; olarnïŋ ölčazï čüü bolgan? what is their catch? (i.e. what child was born to them, a boy or a girl?). [LM olĵa]
- olčaan similar; likewise.
- olčalïg advantageous, profitable, lucrative.
- olur- to live, to be at a place, to sit; -(I)p olur (progressive/continuous); olurgaš (introducing direct speech). [<CT *olur-]
- olurt- to make sit, to offer a seat; to put in prison; to plant (a tree); stol artïnda olurt- to make sit at the table.
- olut the act of sitting; seat; ažïk čok olut sitting idle; xostug olut free place (to sit).
- olutpay lazy, idle; olutpay kiži an idle person.
- olutpayla- to be idle, withour work.
- olutta- to be idle, withour work.
- omaaš wooden spoon. [Khakas omaš]
- omak merry, happy; lively, frisky.
- omak people, nationality. [LM omoγ]
- omakšï- to take courage.
- on ten. [<CT *o:n]
- onaag taxation, rating; production quota; opponent in wrestling.
- onaalga lesson, assignment.
- onaaš- to fit; to fall on (a day).
- onča safe and sound, available, at hand (e.g. of livestock).
- ončala- to check, to verify the presence (usually of livestock). [LM ončala-]
- onu that; him, her; cf. ol that.
- onza special, especially. [LM onča]
- onzagay specific. [LM ončaγai]
- oŋ you see, you know, well.
- oŋ right, right side; oŋ xol right hand. [<CT *oŋ]
- oŋ consiousness.
- oŋ- to fade, to wither. [<CT *oŋ-]
- oŋčok unconscious, unintentional, thoughtless; very; oŋčok kortkan kiži a very frightened person.
- oŋga- to be thirsty, to want to drink.
- oŋgak gap, hollow, groove, cavity, excavation; gaping, yawning; oŋgak üt gaping hole; oŋgak karaktar deep-lying eyes.
- oŋgalčïk gap, hollow, groove, cavity, excavation.
- oŋgar gap, hole, hollow, deepening. [LM ongqur]
- oŋgar- to restore to consiousness.
- oŋgarar- to become hollow, to deepen, to sink in (hole, cavity, eyes).
- oŋgarart- to have restore to consiousness
- oŋgašta- to hollow out.
- oŋgat- to make thirsty.
- oŋgay- (of a hole, wound) to gape, to yawn; to become hollow, to deepen, to sink in. [LM oŋγai-]
- oŋgayt- to hollow out.
- oŋgu trench, entrenchment; oŋgu dayïnï hand-to-hand fighting, combat in the trenches.
- oŋuučal (of fabric) fadable, easily fading, discolouring.
- oo stinking fluid (from marter-like animals); poison. [<CT *agu]
- oo-xoran poison, poisonous; pungent, very salt.
- ooda even if, although.
- oodurba bran. [←Rus otrubi]
- ook- (oogar) to get poisoned (e.g. of food products). [<CT *aguk-]
- ool son; young of an animal; oglu his/her son; ool duŋma younger brother; oglunuŋ oglu grandson; adïg oglu bear cub; dagaa oglu chick (young chicken); kuš oglu nestling; xavan oglu piglet. [<CT *ogul]
- oola- to go in a certain direction.
- oola- to release a stinking liquid.
- oolak small child. [<CT *oglak]
- oolčugaš little boy.
- ooldug having a son, sons, having young.
- oon from him, her; thence, thereupon; cf. ol that.
- oon-moon from here and there; from all sides.
- ooŋ of that, him, her; cf. ol that.
- ooŋuu his, hers; bo ton ooŋuu this garment is his, hers; ooŋuu-bile according to him, her; ooŋuu-bile bis šïn xödelgen-dir bis according to him, we acted right.
- oor thief. [<CT *ogur]
- oor- to break down.
- oorga spine, back; mountain ridge; roof beam; oorga čünü spinal marrow; oorga söögü backbone. [<CT *oŋurtka]
- oorgala- to warm the back (on a bonfire).
- oorgalïg having a back; oorgalïg sanday chair.
- oorgulaštïr thievish.
- oorla- to steal, to be a thief, to rob, to pilfer. [<CT *ogurla-]
- oorlaaškïn stealing, theft, pilfery.
- oorlan- to steal, to be a thief.
- oorlaš- to steal together; to steal from one another.
- oorlat- (~ oorlattïr-) to let steal; to be robbed. [<CT *ogurlat-]
- oortan from there, thence.
- ooruk colar bone; the broad border of coloured ribbons, sewn onto the middle of the upper part of an old woman’s dress. [<CT *ogrug]
- ooruk wretched.
- ooržu thief; thieving; ooržu kiži thief.
- ootpak burdock.
- oozu that thing of him, her, it, theirs; cf. ol that.
- oožum quiet, slow; quietly, slowly; Oožum Okean the Pacific.
- oožurga- to become calm, to calm down. [LM aγuĵira-]
- oožurgat- to make calm, to calm down.
- op cunning, guile; ruse. [LM ob]
- opčok mad, crazy, wild; opčok ok stray bullet.
- optug cunning; dexterious.
- opta- to be cunning; to deceive. [LM obla-]
- or < olur; orar < olurar; orda < olurarda; organ < olurgan; cf. olur- to sit.
- or- to tear; ora tïrt- to tear into pieces.
- ora-soma ghost.
- oraa- to wrap up, to wrap around; to wind around, to twine. [LM oriya-]
- oraalga wrapper, cover, packing. [LM oriyalγa]
- oraaš- to get into confusion (threads); to curl, to wind (of plants); to bother, to be importune.
- oraaškak confused, tangled (of thread); obtrusive (of a person).
- oraaškïn foot-binding (worn instead of socks).
- oraaškïnna- to put on foot bindings.
- oraaštïg obtrusive, importune; tricky, scheming; over-free, unduly familiar; oraaštïg aytïrïg tricky question; oraaštïg kiži over-free person.
- oraaštïr- to make confused, tangled up (thread); to lash, to whip.
- oraat- to make wrap up, wind around, twine.
- oraattïn- (~ oraan-) to wind oneself around, to twine oneself around, to wrap oneself up.
- oralakčï deputy, vice-.
- oraldaš- to try, to strive.
- oran country, state; earth, world; place, region; üstüü oran upper world; aldïï oran nether world; xün oranï paradise; aza oranï hell. [LM oron]
- oran-delegey world. [LM oron + delekei]
- oran- to snort (of horses).
- oray late; oray küzün late in autumn. [LM oroi]
- orayta- (of the day) to come to an end, to draw to a close, of the evening to fall; to be late, to stay too long; šak oraytay berdi it has become late already. [LM oroita-]
- orba the rattle on a shaman’s drum.
- orbak torn, holey (of clothes).
- orbandï ice-hummock, block of ice. [cf. LM orbun]
- ordu palace. [<CT *ordu]
- orgaaday ginseng. [LM orqudui]
- orgak improvident, quick and hastily done.
- orgak [ohrgak] chronical disease.
- organ organ; minniiškin organnar senses, organs of sense. [←Rus organ]
- orgu [ohrgu] smooth, level; orgu čer plain.
- orgulaaš plain, level spot.
- orlan smart, lively, frisky, capable, adroit, bold; orlan kiži a smart person.
- orluučal breakable.
- orna- to change, to exchange, to barter. [<CT *orna-]
- ornaaškïn exchange.
- ornat- to have changed, exchanged, bartered.
- ornukšut- to bury, to inter.
- orta [ohrta] normally, as follows.
- orta [orta ~ ohrta] there, at that place; then, at that time, moment; as soon as.
- ortaa middle; Ortaa čöön čük the Middle-East; ortaakï being in the middle, middle-.
- ortaa-mergen middle finger (in games).
- ortalan- to stop fooling around, to calm down, to become sensible, to come to one’s senses.
- ortan middle; bo aynïŋ ortan üyezinde in the middle of this month.
- ortu middle; dün ortuzunda in the middle of the night; ortuzundan from among; ulustuŋ ortuzundan üngen maadïr a hero who stood up from among the people. [<CT *orto]
- ortuluk island. [*ortuluk]
- ortumak middle, medial, average; ortumaa-bile on average.
- ortun middle; ortun akïzï the middle brother; ortun ool middle one of the sons.
- ortun-kara dear one, beloved, sweetheart.
- oru gadfly larva.
- oruk journey; road, path; oruk aytïr sïldïs guiding star, lodestar; čer adanïŋ demir oruu underground, metro. [<CT *orok]
- oruk cf. orbak torn, holey (of clothes).
- orukta- to set out, to set off, to go on one’s way, to hit the road.
- oruk-čečee plantain.
- orun bed; place; ornunga in stead of. [<CT *orun]
- orus Russian.
- orusta- to speak Russian; orustap bilir siler be? do you know (speak) Russian?
- os wind fallen wood; jam, obstruction in a river.
- oskun- to drop, to let go of; to let slip; to lose; medel oskun- to faint away.
- oš prediction.
- oška- to kiss. [<CT *okša-]
- ošta- to prophecy, to predict, to foretell, to betoken, to foreshadow, to herald.
- ot fire. [<CT *o:t]
- oht grass. [<CT *ot]
- otčugaš flame, light; ïrakta otčugaš xïp tur a light is shining in the distance
- ohtkar- to pasture cattle. [<CT *otkar-]
- otkula- to kindle.
- otryad section. [←Rus otrjad]
- ohtta- to graze. [<CT *otla-]
- ottug having fire; ottug dag volcano.
- ottug-ïyaš matches.
- ottug-terge automobile, car.
- ottug-xeme motor ship.
- ottuk (steel) flint; ottuk dergizi ~ bižek dergizi small strap for fastening the steel and knife to te belt. [CT *otluk]
- ottul- to heat, to stoke; suugu ottul- to heat the oven; ottular čüül fuel; suuk ottular čüül fuel oil; kadïg ottular čüül solid fuel; ottular čüül kurlavïrï fuel resources.
- ottur- to wake up, to awaken, to arouse.
- otturt- to cause to or let wake up, awaken.
- otturukču alarm clock.
- ovaa obo (ceremonial pile of stones, usually erected on high places to honour mountain spirits); mound, kurgan; heap, stack, pile; ovaa dagï- to conduct a religious ceremony at an obo; ovaa saazïn pile of paper. [Oirat owaa, LM oboγa(n)]
- ovaaday crown; the cone-shaped headgear of a lama.
- ovaala- to form into a heap, to pile up; daštarnï ovaalap kaan s/he piled up the stones.
- ovaalaaškïn the act of piling up.
- ovaalan- to form a heap, pile.
- ovaalančak like an obo, heap, pile; heaped up into a pile.
- ovaalaš- to form into a heap, pile up together.
- ovaalat- to let form into a heap, pile up.
- ovaar- to pay attention to, to pay heed to, to notice, to note.
- ovaarïmčalïg careful.
- ovur attitude, manner, bearing. [LM obur]
- ovuuzun slyness, cunning, guile, ruse, trickery, perfidy.
- ovuuzunna- to be sly, cunning, to use guile, trickery.
- ovuuzunnan- to pretend, to feign.
- ovuuzunnug sly, cunning, full of guile, ruses, tricks.
- ox oh!; ox čarazžïn! oh! how beautiful!
- oxaay ~ oxalay well-well.
- oy lowland, valley. [CT *o:y]
- oy dun, isabel (horse coat). [<CT *oy]
- oy anniversary. [LM oi]
- oy (of a coat) light; oy ton light fur coat (made from sheep skin with the wool grown after the spring shearing); slight overcoat.
- oy oh!; oy kančaarïŋ ol?! oh, what have you done?!; kažarïn körem oy oh, how cunning s/he is!
- oy- to hit through, to hit a hole into, to pierce. [CT *o:y-]
- oy- to walk around, to circumvent; xayanï oya bergen bis we circumvented the cliff.
- oyaar similar,resembling; iyezi-le oyaar urug-dur it is a girl resembling her mother.
- oyaktal- to seclude oneself, to retire from; to avoid, to shun; ulustan oyaktal- to shun people.
- oyalïk glade, clearing.
- oybak hole, opening.
- oybun blot, stain; spot, patch (on animal’s coat).
- oyda-kayda garrulous, talkative.
- oyla- to chase away, to drive away.
- oymak glade, light spot in the woods. [<NE *oymak]
- oyna- to play, to joke. [<CT *oyna-]
- oynaar-kïs doll.
- oynaarak toy; doll.
- oynakčï player; actor.
- oyt oh!; oyt kančaarïŋ ol! oh, what is it you are doing!
- oyta düš- to go back on one’s promise, to retract one’s promise; to suddenly turn back.
- oytala- to refuse.
- oytay- to lean back.
- oytayt- to throw back, to fold back, to retract.
- oytur okta- to throw one down on both shoulder blades (in wrestling).
- oyuk hole, gap.
- oyul- to be pierced.
- oyulgan ulcer.
- oyun game, play. [<CT *oyun]
- oyun-baštak joke, game.
- oyundak patch, scrap (of fabric), plot (of land).
- oyunzak playful.
- oyus- (oyzur, oyuzar) to go past, to pass by; to call by another name, to employ a taboo name; börünü kokay dep oyzup adaar they call the wolf kokay as a taboo name.
- oyuš- to distort, to bend.
- ozal slow, hesitatingly.
- ozala- to be slow, to be hesitant.
- ozalaaš aside; ol turlag oruktan ozalaaš that camp aside from the road.
- ozalda- to be too late for; ol čïïštan ozalda- to be too late for that meeting.
- ozaldïg dangerous.
- ozaŋ wind fallen wood; obstruction in a river.
- ozuk pickaxe, hoe.
- ozukta- to hoe, to work with a hoe.
- ozuruk rootlets (of a bulbous plant).
- ožaa- to notice, to note, to mark.
- ožuk trivet, tripod to cook upon. [<CT *o:čok hearth]
- ožuk [ohžuk] snow (on the branches of a tree).