Suffix list

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Being a paragraph index to Isxakov, F. G., & Pal’mbax, A. A. 1961. Grammatika tuvinskogo jazyka. Fonetika i morfologija. Moscow.


Coding of the suffixes

A a/e

I i/ı/u/ü

G g/k/Ø

D d/t

N n/d/t (base: n; -l: d; -voiceless consonants: t)

L l/n/d/t (base: l; -l: d; -voiceless consonants: t; -nasals: n)

M m/b/p/v (base: m; -sonants: b; -voiceless consonants: p; -vowels: v)

S s/z

Š š/ž

C č/ž


List of suffixes

-A/-I verbalizer §286

-A deverbal noun (rare) §200

-A/-I/-y converb §382-393

-A al- potential (to take) §388, §481

-A bar- away (to go) §481

-A ber- inchoative/finitive (to give) §387, §481

-A dIr inferential §386, §447-448

-A düš- sudden action (to fall) §481

-AA deverbal noun (rare) (<*-Ag) §200

-(A)AčAl/-(I)IčAl deverbal adjective §219

-(A)AčI deverbal agent (←Mo) §200, §363

-AAl(I)/-IIl(I) imperative dual §457-459

-AAlIŋAr/-IIlIŋAr imperative 1pl §457-459

-Ak denominal noun §200

-Ak diminutive (rare) §177

-AlAA(n) collective numeral §229

-AldIrzI collective numeral (rare) §231

-aŋ denominal noun (rare) §200

-Am politeness A&H 52

-A/Ir present/future §449-455

-A/Ir present/future participle §344-358

-A/Ir dIr ? optative

-A/Irda converb when

-A/Irga converb when

-A/IrgA verbalizer "to consider oneself as" §299

-AškIn/-(I)IškIn deverbal noun §187

-Ayn/-Iyn imperative 1sg §457-459


-CAk/-CIk diminutive §177

-CAk deverbal noun §217

-Ce directive I §170-172 (nb -e!)

-CI agent §180

-CI/-SI/-ŠI verbalizer §291-292

-CIgAš diminutive (<-CIk + *-Aš) §177

-CIk/-zIg past affirmative §438-441

-čIn agent (←Mo) §200


-DA locative §163-166

-dAl denominal noun (←Mo) §200

-DAn ablative §167-169

-DAn denominal noun (←Mo) §200

-DI past §430-433

-DIn reflexive §323

-DIr emphatic clitic §426

-DIr causative §312

-DIr deverbal adverb (<*DIr-A) §489-490

-DIrIk denominal noun §200

-DIrt double causative §315

-DIrttIr triple causative §315

-DIvA directive II §173-174


-(I)g deverbal noun §178, §210

-GA dative §157-161


-GA deverbal noun (rare) §200

-GAAr adverb §485

-GAk deverbal noun §200, §220

-GAlA converb since §403-407

-GAlAg future participle (rare) §359-361, §456

-GAn past §434

-GAn past participle §338-343

-GAndA converb when

-GAngA converb when

-GAnzIg past

-GAr verbalizer §290

-GAš converb §394-399

-GAš + case converb §399

-GAy optative §460-463

-GAyIn/-ŋAyIn verbalizer §303-305, §479

-GI ordinal §228

-GI deverbal noun §188

-GIIš deverbal noun §189

-GIlA iterative §479

-GIr adjectivizer §218

-GIr intensive adjective §208

-GIs causative §312-313

-GIstIr double causative §315

-GIstIrt triple causative §315

-GIže converb while §474-475

-GIžemče converb while 1sg/pl §474

-GIžeŋče converb while 2sg §474

-GIžeŋerče converb while 2pl §474


-I converb §382-393 cf -A

-I verbalizer §286 cf -A

-(z)I(n) possessive 3 §148

-(I)IčAl deverbal adjective §219 cf -(A)AčAl

-IGAn participle (rare) (←Mo) §363

-IIl(I) imperative dual 1pl §457-459 cf -AAl(I)

-IIlIŋAr imperative 1pl §457-459 cf -AAlIŋAr

-ImAk/-mIk deverbal adjective §220

-In adverb (<*instrumental) §487

-(z)In possessive 3 + accusative §148

-IŋgIr intensive adjective §208

-Ir causative §312

-Irt double causative §315

-Is causative §312

-IstIr double causative §315

-(I)IškIn deverbal noun §187 cf -AškIn

-Iyn imperative 1sg §457-459


-(I)k deverbal noun §179, §211

-(I)k verbalizer §300-301

-(I)kAy affective §177

-(I)kčI deverbal agent §181, §363-364

-KI diminutive §177

-KIm affective (<-KI + pos1) §177

-kIn deverbal adjective §220

-KIžIIm affective (<-KI + CIk + (I)m) §177


-l deverbal noun (←Mo) §190

-(I)l passive §327-329

-(I)l emphatic question particle (<ol) §241

-LA verbalizer §277-285

-LAr plural §147

-LAš denominal noun (rare) §200

-(I)l(dIr) adjective -ish §207

-(I)ldA deverbal noun (←Mo) §192

-(I)lgA deverbal noun (←Mo) §191

-LIg adjective §212-215

-LIk denominal noun (rare) §200

-lIškI/-škI denominal noun kindred §199


-m person marker 1sg §430

-(I)m possessive 1sg §148

-(I)m deverbal noun §193, §200

-(I)mčA deverbal noun (←Mo) §195

-(I)mAl deverbal noun (←Mo) §194

-MA negation §332-333

-MA deverbal noun (rare) §200

-MAk deverbal noun (rare) §200

-MAs negation -(A/I)r §449

-MAstA to stop to (<-MAs + -LA) §479

-MAyn negative converb §408-411

-MIšaan converb while §400-402, §442-443

-MIšaan experiential §442

-MIšaan tur- §402


-(I)n reflexive §323-326

-(I)n deverbal noun (←Mo) §196

-(I)ndAk deverbal noun §197

-(I)ndI deverbal noun §198

-NI accusative §162

-NII correlative (-NIŋ + -KI) §155-156

-NIŋ genitive §150-154

-ŋ person marker 2sg §430

-(I)ŋ possessive 2sg §148

-(I)ŋAr possessive 2pl §148

-(I)ŋAr imperative 2pl §457-459

-ŋAr person marker 2pl §430

-ŋAyIn verbalizer §303-305, §479 cf -GAyIn

-ŋgAy deverbal adjective (←Mo) §220

-(A)ŋnA verbalizer §306, §479


-(I)p converb §372-381

-(I)p al- to do for oneself (to take) §481

-(I)p bar- situation (to go) §481

-(I)p bar čıt- to go to §374

-(I)p bar čor- to go to

-(I)p ber- benefactive (to give) §378, §481

-(I)p bol- potential (to become) §377, §481

-(I)p čıt- progressive (to lie) §373, §415, §419, §479

-(I)p čor(u)- progressive (to go) §373, §415, §417, §479

-(I)p čor + pers.

-(I)p čorup tur- compound progressive §373

-(I)p čorur olur- compound progressive §374

-(I)p kag- perfective (to let) §481

-(I)p kal- perfective (to stay) §481

-(I)p kel- inchoative (to come) §481

-(I)p kir- inchoative (to enter) §481

-(I)p kör- try to, please (to see) §481

-(I)p olur progressive (to be) §373, §415, §418, §479

-(I)p tIr past narrative §375, §436-437

-(I)p tur progressive (to stand) §373, §415-416 -(I)p turup ber- ? intensive §378

-(I)p turup tur- compound progressive §373

-(I)p ün- ? (to go out) §481

-(I)pkAn <-(I)p turgan

-(I)ptar <-(I)p turar or, A&H 43: -(I)pt < -(I)vIt + (A/I)r

-(I)ptI past cf Kunaa 80


-(A)r verbalizer §287-288

-rA/-rI verbalizer §289


-SA conditional 3 §464-473

-(k)sA verbalizer to want §298

-SIg adjective -ish §216

-SImAAr adjective -ish §207

-SImzA conditional 1sg §464-473

-SIn imperative 3 §457-459

-SIn verbalizer §297

-SIŋzA conditional 2sg §464-473

-SIŋArzA conditional 2pl §464-473

-SIrA/-SIrI verbalizer §293-296

-SIvIssA conditional 1pl §464-473

-(I)š reciprocal §320-321

-(I)š deverbal noun (rare) §182-186

-šAA(rA) verbalizer (←Mo) §302

-t causative §312

-ttIr double causative §315

-vIs person marker 1pl §430

-(I)vIs possessive 1pl §148

-(I)vIt quick action (<-(I)p ıt- to send) §479


-y converb §382-393 cf -A

-(A)y affective (following possessive) §177