Swadesh list

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English POS Main Cat. Specific Cat. Transliterated Cyrillic
1 I pronoun     men мен
2 thou
(singular)
pronoun     sen сен
3 he pronoun     ol ол
4 we pronoun     bis бис
5 you
(plural)
pronoun     siler силер
6 they pronoun     olar олар
7 this       bo бо
8 that       ol ол
9 here       mynda мында
10 there       ynda ында
11 who       kym кым
12 what       chüü чүү
13 where       kajda кайда
14 when       kazhan кажан
15 how       kandyg кандыг
16 not       chok, eves чок,евес
17 all       shuptu шупту
18 many       khöj хөй
19 some       chamdyk чамдык
20 few       bichii, eveesh бичии,эвээш
21 other       öske өске
22 one   number   bir бир
23 two   number   iji ийи
24 three   number   üsh үш
25 four   number   dört дөрт
26 five   number   besh беш
27 big adjective     ulug улуг
28 long adjective     uzun узун
29 wide adjective     delgem, algyg делгем,алгыг
30 thick adjective     choon, kylyn
31 heavy adjective     aar аар
32 small adjective     biche биче
33 short adjective     choldak, kyska чолдак
34 narrow adjective     tar  
35 thin adjective     chinge чинге
36 woman noun     kadaj кадай
37 man
(adult male)
noun     er эр
38 man
(human being)
noun     kizhi кижи
39 child
(a youth)
noun     urug уруг
40 wife noun        
41 husband noun        
42 mother noun     iye  
43 father noun     acha ача
44 animal noun animal     аҢ
45 fish noun animal   balyk балык
46 bird noun animal   kush куш
47 dog noun animal   yt ыт
48 louse noun animal   byt  
49 snake noun animal   chylan  
50 worm noun animal   kurt  
51 tree noun plant   yjash  
52 forest noun     arga, tajga  
53 stick
(of wood)
noun        
54 fruit noun     chimis  
55 seed noun     üre  
56 leaf noun     bürü  
57 root noun     dazyl  
58 bark
(of tree)
noun     kart  
59 flower noun     chechek  
60 grass noun     oht  
61 rope noun     chehp  
62 skin
(of a person)
noun        
63 meat
(as in flesh)
noun     eht  
64 blood noun     khan хан
65 bone noun     söök сөөк
66 fat
(noun)
noun     chag  
67 egg noun     chumurga  
68 horn noun     myjys  
69 tail noun     kuduruk  
70 feather
(rather not down)
noun     chüg  
71 hair noun body part      
72 head noun body part   bash  
73 ear noun body part   kulak  
74 eye noun body part   karak  
75 nose noun body part   dumchuk  
76 mouth noun body part   aas аас
77 tooth
(rather not molar)
noun body part   dish  
78 tongue noun body part   dyl дыл
79 fingernail noun body part   dyrgak  
80 foot noun body part      
81 leg noun body part   but  
82 knee noun body part   diskek  
83 hand noun body part   xol  
84 wing noun body part   chalgyn  
85 belly noun body part   khyryn  
86 guts noun body part      
87 neck noun body part   moyun  
88 back noun body part   sirt, oorga  
89 breast noun body part   khörek, emig  
90 heart noun body part   chürek  
91 liver noun body part   baar  
92 to drink verb     ish-  
93 to eat verb     chi-  
94 to bite verb     yzyrar ызырар
95 to suck verb     sor-  
96 to spit verb        
97 to vomit verb     kus-  
98 to blow
(as wind)
verb     ür-, khady-  
99 to breathe verb     tyn-  
100 to laugh verb        
101 to see verb        
102 to hear verb        
103 to know
(a fact)
verb        
104 to think verb        
105 to smell
(sense odor)
verb        
106 to fear verb        
107 to sleep verb        
108 to live verb        
109 to die verb        
110 to kill verb        
111 to fight verb        
112 to hunt
(transitive)
verb        
113 to hit verb        
114 to cut verb        
115 to split verb        
116 to stab
(or stick)
verb        
117 to scratch
(an itch)
verb        
118 to dig verb        
119 to swim verb        
120 to fly verb        
121 to walk verb        
122 to come verb        
123 to lie
(as on one's side)
verb        
124 to sit verb        
125 to stand verb        
126 to turn
(change direction)
verb        
127 to fall
(as in drop)
verb        
128 to give verb        
129 to hold
(in one's hand)
verb        
130 to squeeze verb        
131 to rub verb        
132 to wash verb        
133 to wipe verb        
134 to pull verb        
135 to push verb        
136 to throw verb        
137 to tie verb        
138 to sew verb        
139 to count verb        
140 to say verb        
141 to sing verb        
142 to play verb        
143 to float verb        
144 to flow verb        
145 to freeze verb        
146 to swell verb        
147 sun noun        
148 moon noun        
149 star noun        
150 water noun        
151 to rain verb        
152 river noun        
153 lake noun        
154 sea
(as in ocean)
noun        
155 salt noun        
156 stone noun        
157 sand noun        
158 dust noun        
159 earth
(as in soil)
noun        
160 cloud noun        
161 fog noun        
162 sky noun        
163 wind
(as in breeze)
noun        
164 snow noun        
165 ice noun        
166 smoke noun        
167 fire noun        
168 ashes noun        
169 to burn
(intransitive)
verb        
170 road noun        
171 mountain noun        
172 red adjective color      
173 green adjective color      
174 yellow adjective color      
175 white adjective color      
176 black adjective color      
177 night noun        
178 day
(daytime)
noun        
179 year noun        
180 warm
(as in weather)
adjective        
181 cold
(as in weather)
adjective        
182 full          
183 new adjective     chaa чаа
184 old adjective        
185 good adjective        
186 bad adjective        
187 rotten
(as, a log)
adjective        
188 dirty adjective        
189 straight adjective        
190 round adjective        
191 sharp
(as a knife)
adjective        
192 dull
(as a knife)
adjective        
193 smooth adjective        
194 wet adjective        
195 dry
(adjective)
adjective        
196 right
(correct)
         
197 near adjective
198 far adjective
199 right
(side)
200 left
(side)
201 at preposition
202 in preposition
203 with
(accompanying)
preposition
204 and conjunction
205 if
206 because
207 name noun